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ARTICLE II. SEWAGE DISPOSAL STANDARDS 
    
    DIVISION 1. GENERALLY

        Sec. 122-76. Definitions.


The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

Approving authority means the city engineering section of the utilities division of the public works department or the director of public works or other designated official of the city or his duly authorized deputy, agent or representative.

BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20 degrees Celsius, expressed in milligrams per liter.

Building drain means that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.

Building sewer means the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.

Chlorine requirement means the amount of chlorine in milligrams per liter, which must be added to sewage to produce a residual chlorine content or to meet the requirements of some other objective, in accordance with procedures set forth in the definition for the term "standard methods."

Garbage means solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage, and sale of produce.

Hydrogen ion concentration. See the definition for pH.

Industrial wastes means the liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade, or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.

Natural outlet means any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface water or groundwater.

pH means the logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams, per liter of solution.

Properly shredded garbage means the wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of foods that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.

Public sewer means a sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights, and is controlled by public authority.

Regulatory agency means the state department of environmental quality, office of pollution control.

Sanitary sewer means a sewer which carries sewage and to which stormwater, surface water, and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.

Service charge means the basic assessment levied on all users of the public sewer system whose wastes do not exceed in strength the concentration values established as representative of normal sewage.

Sewage means a combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and industrial establishments, together with such groundwater, surface water, and stormwater as may be present.

Sewage treatment plant means any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.

Sewer means a pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.

Sewerage works means all facilities for collecting, pumping, treating, and disposing of sewage.

Slug means any discharge of water, sewage, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average 24-hour concentration or flows during normal operation.

Standard methods means the examination and analytical procedures set forth in the most recent edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Sewage, and Industrial Wastes," published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Waterworks Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation.

Storm drain (sometimes termed "storm sewer") means a sewer which carries stormwater and surface water and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.

Surcharge means the assessment in addition to the service charge which is levied on those persons whose wastes are greater in strength than the concentration values established as representative of normal sewage.

Suspended solids means solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage, or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.

Watercourse means a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.

(Code 1971, § 29-95; Ord. of 9-20-94)

Cross reference— Definitions generally, § 1-2.

Sec. 122-77. Discharge to natural outlets generally.

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged to any natural outlet within the city, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the city, any sewage or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with provisions of this article.

(Code 1971, § 29-96)

Sec. 122-78. Mandatory sewer connections; septic tanks.

(a)

The owner of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation, or other purposes, situated within the city and abutting on any street, alley, or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the city, is hereby required at his expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article, within 90 days after the date of official notice to do so, provided that such public sewer is within 100 feet of the property line. When a public sewer becomes available, the building sewer shall be connected to such sewer within 60 days.

(b)

At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this article, and any septic tanks, cesspools, and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be abandoned and filled with suitable material to the satisfaction of the approving authority.

(c)

Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of this section, the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the provisions of this article. No septic tank shall be constructed within the city unless there is no sanitary sewer service readily available as provided in this section.

(d)

At such time as the owner of any property which is required by this section to be connected to a public sewer, such person shall automatically have added to his regular utility bill an amount equal to the regular sewer charge established elsewhere in this Code of Ordinances, based upon the property owner's water meter reading. This shall be separate and apart from and not in lieu of any other obligation imposed in this section and shall not relieve any property owner from criminal sanctions as are or may be established.

(Code 1971, § 29-97)

Sec. 122-79. Privies over public sewers, ditches or drains.

It shall be unlawful to erect or have erected a jakes or privy over any public sewer, ditch or drain used as a channel to carry off water.

(Code 1971, § 29-98)

Sec. 122-80. Inspection and right of entry.

(a)

Representatives of the approving authority and other duly authorized employees of the city bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article. The approving authority shall have no authority to inquire into any processes including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, ceramic, paper, or other industries beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment.

(b)

The approving authority or duly authorized employees of the city shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company. The company shall be held harmless for injury or death to the city employees, and the city shall indemnify the company against loss or damage to its property by city employees and against liability claims and demands for personal injury or property damage asserted against the company and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the company to maintain safe conditions as required in section 122-173

(c)

The approving authority and other duly authorized employees of the city bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the city holds a duly negotiated easement for the purposes of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the sewerage works lying within such easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on such easement, shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.

(Code 1971, § 29-99)

Sec. 122-81. Liability for obstruction of or damage to public sewer.

If a public sewer becomes obstructed or damaged because of any substances improperly discharged to it, the person responsible for such discharge shall be billed and shall pay for the expenses incurred by the city in cleaning out, repairing or rebuilding the sewer. Such payment shall not preclude prosecution for violation of any provision of this Code.

(Code 1971, § 29-100)

Sec. 122-82. Violation of article.

(a)

Any person found to be violating any provision of this article, except section 122-81, shall be served by the city with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction of such violation. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations. Any person who shall continue any violation beyond such time limit shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

(b)

Any person violating any of the provisions of this article shall become liable to the city for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned the city by reason of such violation.

(Code 1971, § 29-101)

Secs. 122-83—122-105. Reserved.